Energy Department of Bihar

ऊर्जा विभाग, बिहार सरकार

ऊर्जा विभाग, बिहार सरकार का परिचय

(Introduction of Energy Department)


1.   The main objectives/areas of interest of the department are:

    The following are the undertakings of the department -

Bihar State Electricity Board

Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency; and

Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited.

The department through its Electric Works Department carries out and maintains the internal electricity system in the government buildings of the State. Under the provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003 and Indian Electricity Rules, 1956 the department has established the Electrical Inspectorate to carry out inspection of electrical installations and oversee public safety with regard to electricity & settle disputes regarding electricity supply system. 

2.   The programme/activities of the dept. on the Plan and Non-Plan:

Plan Activities

Bihar State Electricity Board - Under the plan activities, the BSEB prepares schemes on electricity generation, transmission & distribution. The state government provides funds for implementation of the scheme from its plan allocation and also obtains central allocation/funding from the Govt. of India. 

Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation - BHPC has been established to harness the hydroelectric potential in the State. The BHPC conducts survey for this purpose and prepares the schemes on hydroelectric power generation. The State Govt. provides funds from its plan allocation and also facilitates funding, from the Central Government and Govt. of India Financial institutions. 

Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency - BREDA has been established to promote development of schemes on non- conventional energy sources. It has been nominated as nodal agency to carry out the remote village electrification programme. The State Govt. provides plan funds to BREDA for expenditure on subsidies for the schemes and also for the expenditures on establishment.

Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited - TVNL was established by the Govt. of Bihar by 1987 for establishment of thermal power station at Lalpania in the district of Bokaro, now in the state of Jharkhand. The registered office of the company is situated al Patna. The TVNL has been transferred to the Govt. of Jharkhand by the Govt. of India. However the State Govt. of Bihar has raised the issue of dispute of ownership with the Govt. of India and has also petitioned the Supreme Court under provisions of the Bihar Re-organisation Act, 2000.


 Non-Plan Activities

Under the non-plan activities, the department makes expenditure on installation and maintenance of the electrical system of the govt. buildings in the state through the Electric Works Department. Presently, government buildings constructed upto 1982 are being maintained by the Electric Works Department. Besides meeting the above expenditure, the department also disburses establishment expenditure of Energy Dept., Electrical Works Dept. and Electrical Inspectorate. 


3.   Brief report on the status of various important programmes of the department:

Rural Electrification - As per the Govt. of India programme for electrification of all villages by 2009, in the State of Bihar schemes for village electrification are being carried out under different programmes.

Electrification of 2,600 villages in the districts of Vaishali and Muzaffarpur under the Minimum Needs Programme on the occasion of the 2,600 Birth Anniversary of Lord Mahavir. 

 Under the Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana 340 virgin villages are being electrified and rehabilitation of electricity system is being done in 210 villages. In each of these villages one Dalit Basti is to be provided by electricity connections.

 To take up cent percent of the electrification in the State, the State Govt. has entered into a quadripartite agreement with Rural Electrification Corporation (REC), BSEB and the GOl power sector undertakings of Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. (PGCIL) and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC). This programme is being implemented under the GOl scheme for “Electrification of one lakh villages and one crore households”. The funding for this scheme is being made by REC as grant and loan components. The central undertakings are implementing the rural e1ectrification works in the 36 districts, with NHPC taking up works in West Champaran, East Champaran, Sitamarhi, Sheohar, Darbhanga, Samastipur and Madhubani. The remaining  districts are being taken up by PGCIL. 


- Different schemes/activities have been taken up to improve transmission of electrical energy.

 To improve the transmission system in the State with particular reference to North Bihar, transmission scheme has been taken up under the Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana. Presently the scheme is estimated at Rs.365 crores. Under this scheme, 18 grid sub-stations and 1100 km. transmission lines (22 lines) are to be erected. The State Govt. has made a quadripartite agreement with the MOP, BSEB & PGCIL for implementation of this scheme. It is to be implemented in 18 months. The scheme is implemented by PGCIL. 

 To improve the transmission system for transfer of power from South Bihar to North Bihar, a 132 KV cable line transmission system is being implemented through the Mahatma Gandhi Setu at Patna. The estimated cost of this scheme is Rs. 40 crores. It is to be implemented in 18 months. The scheme is implemented by PGCIL. 

 In the second phase of the improvement of transmission system, it has been proposed to the Planning Commission for transmission schemes of South Bihar under funding of Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojna. The estimated cost for this scheme is Rs. 597 crores.

 Accelerated Power Development Reforms Programme

- Under the APDRP scheme, the electric supply and distribution system in different districts is being strengthened and upgraded. Presently works of the scheme has been taken up in 11 districts. The estimated cost for this is Rs. 758 crores. Under this scheme, works of conductor replacement, transformer capacity enhancement, metering at all levels of the distribution system and consumers have been taken up. This scheme is to be implemented in 18 months by PGCIL. The project for Munger district has been sanctioned by Govt. of India. However, the financial allocation has not been made.



BSEB - The programme for renovation and modernization of the power generating units at Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Station and Barauni Thermal Power Station has been posed to the Govt. of India under the Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojna. The estimated cost of the project report for both the thermal power stations is Rs. 643 crores.

The Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Station of BSEB has been under consideration for transfer on long term lease basis to NTPC. The decision in this regard has not yet been taken.

A project for combined cycle gas-based thermal power station has been posed to the Govt. of India for funding under Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojna. The capacity plan in the first stage is 400-450 MW. The estimated cost for this project would be around Rs. 1100-1200 crores. The Gas Authority of India is extending the HBJ Gas Pipeline of Bombay off-shore to Haldia. This pipeline is to pass through Bihar from Mohania-Sasaram-Dehri-Gaya route. The NTPC has been entrusted the work of preparation of DPR. 

 BHPC - The BHPC has obtained sanction for implementation of 17 Small Hydroelectric Project Schemes under funding from NABARD. The estimated cost of these schemes is Rs. 98 crores out of which the funding by NABARD will be Rs. 60.15 crores and the balance will come as grant by the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources. Presently, work order has been placed and work has been taken up for the following projects:

(i) Triveni (3 MW) - Rs. 13.9 Crores

(ii) Jainagra (1 MW) - Rs. 5.31 Crores

(iii) Nasriganj (1 MW) - Rs. 5.68 Crores

(iv) Dhelabagh (1 MW) - Rs. 6.70 Crores

BHPC is implementing a 1 MW hydel project at Agnoor at an estimated cost of Rs. 7.97 crores. This project is in an advance stage of completion. The Kataiya hydel power station (19.2 MW) of BSEB has been transferred to BHPC in 2003. Presently BHPC has been making generation of 5~6 MW from this power station. There is proposal to take up R&M works. 

 Non-Conventional Energy Sources - BREDA has been implementing programme of non-conventional energy sources for schemes are bio-gas development, SPV systems of Lanterns/Home lighting systems/street lighting systems, and wind mills. Under the Border Area Development Programme, BREDA has implemented a scheme of solar street lighting system in 40 villages along the International Border in the Border.