Information Technology Department of Bihar

सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी विभाग, बिहार सरकार

सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी विभाग, बिहार सरकार का परिचय

(Introduction of Information Technology Department)

Department of Information Technology is working to put technology to its highest and best use throughout Bihar Government Department/Autonomous bodies to improve the administration of state programmes and services. Proving guidance on technical matters to departments, vetting IT projects and taking department on achieving IT Road Map are the basic jobs of Information Technology Department.

IT Vision of Bihar

Our vision is that by the end of 2012, Bihar becomes one of the top five e-Governed, IT-enabled, e-Literate States in the Country and is regarded as a preferred destination for IT businesses and is a major supplier of skilled IT manpower. 

Strategy

The aforesaid goal would be realized by building core IT infrastructure in the State, ushering in e-Governance, providing extensive citizen-centric services, promoting and IT education, incentivizing IT businesses to set up units in the state, regulating IT services and putting in place institutionalized arrangements for implementation and monitoring of IT activities in the state.

Information Technology – A Definition:

We use the term information technology or IT to refer to an entire industry. In actuality, information technology is the use of computers and software to manage information. In some companies, this is referred to as Management Information Services (or MIS) or simply as Information Services (or IS). The information technology department of a large company would be responsible for storing information, protecting information, processing the information, transmitting the information as necessary, and later retrieving information as necessary.

History of Information Technology:

In relative terms, it wasn't long ago that the Information Technology department might have consisted of a single Computer Operator, who might be storing data on magnetic tape, and then putting it in a box down in the basement somewhere. The history of information technology is fascinating! Check out these history of information technology resources for information on everything from the history of IT to electronics inventions and even the top 10 IT bugs.

 

Modern Information Technology Departments:

In order to perform the complex functions required of information technology departments today, the modern Information Technology Department would use computers, servers, database management systems, and cryptography. The department would be made up of several System Administrators, Database Administrators and at least one Information Technology Manager. The group usually reports to the Chief Information Officer (CIO).

Popular Information Technology Skills:

Some of the most popular information technology skills at the moment are:

1.) Computer Networking

2.) Information Security

3.) IT Governance

4.) ITIL

5.) Business Intelligence

6.) Linux

7.) Unix

 

Information Technology Mission/Purpose

The Office of Information Technology will provide the highest quality technology-based services, in the most cost-effective manner, to facilitate the College mission as it applies to the management, teaching, learning, and community service.

To meet this mission we will:

- Provide effective technology support for audio/visual, computer, multimedia, voice, video, and web based applications and services to all areas of the college.

- Promote and facilitate the effective integration of technology into the basic mission of the college through planning, programming, training, consulting, and other support activities.

- Develop, enhance, and manage the College's enterprise networks to provide high speed, transparent, and highly functional connectivity among all information resources.

- Develop and maintain highly effective, reliable, secure, and innovative information systems to support instructional, administrative and research functions.

- Facilitate the collection, storage, security and integrity of electronic data while ensuring appropriate access.

- Provide capabilities including the ability to develop and manage the distribution (and marketing) through broadcast, narrowcast, broadband, software, the Web and other telecommunications technologies College programs, products and services both within and beyond the College district.

- Promote new uses of information technology within the institution through the support for exploratory and innovative applications.

- Provide leadership for effective strategic and tactical planning in the use of technology

- Provide fast & reliable access to all information systems.

 

Information Technology TimeLine

The next two decades are marked by a new revolution: the advent of microprocessor that penetrates initially the world of calculators and watches, wiping out old companies, that were stuck into obsolete technologies. Then, the birth personal computer changed almost everything. PC invaded the server market. PC manufacturing became subcontracted to countries like Taiwan, Korea, Malaysia, decreasing workforce of "main" companies.

Korea and Taiwan entered successively the IT field by an important effort of the private sector helped by government advantages (protection against imports, subsidies, advantageous financial loans...). Malaysia succeed to attract foreign (European, Japanese and American) manufacturing investments. Continental China joined the fray during the 1990s. For some time in the early 1980s, the American IT industry, or at least a part of it, went dreaming that the Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (nicknamed StarWars) could help the industry as much as SAGE had done during the 1950s. This hope faded quite quickly, and when USA went at war against Iraq in 1990, the defense agencies rushed to find GPS or lap-top PCs produced for the civil market.

Europe, with the exception of telecommunications during that period, started a slow but perhaps irreversal decline in design and manufacturing IT devices. It had a few software companies in Germany and in Netherlands that kept challenging American software industry in a few niches. Much of European and Japanese money was spent in the acquisition of fledging American and European companies.

In the traditional computer market, batch applications had given place to on-line applications using data communications and marking the integration of two branches of the information technology industry. That period was marked by the growth of a few software houses (Microsoft, Oracle, Computer Associates) that grew from the market size increase and also by acquisitions. Another important fact of that period was a trend for business (large and small) to outsource their IT systems from companies like EDS or IBM (at the end of the period). This trend optimized the usage of large application servers and contributed to the loss of profitability of their manufacturers. In parallel, platforms that were targeted to support standard applications, such as Sun UNIX servers, grew progressively during the late 1980s and the 1990s.

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