Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh
Balaghat District was constituted during the years1967-73 by amalgamation of parts of the Bhandara, Mandla and Seoni districts. The headquater of the district was originally called "Burha "or "Boora". Later, however, this name replaced by "Balaghat", which was originally the name of the district .The Wainganga is the most important river of the district.
The Balaghat District looks like a flying bird and is situated in southern part of Jabalpur division. It occupies the south eastern region of the Satpura and Upper Wainganga Valley. The district spans over a degree from 21.19' to 22.24' North and 79.31 to 81.3' East. The total area of the district is 924500 hectare and bounded by Rajnandgaon in the East, Seoni in the West, District Mandla in the North and District Bhandara of Maharashtra State in the south. The Wainganga River separates the district from Seoni while the rivers Bawanthadi and Bagh define the inter-state boundary.
The Balaghat district is southern lowlands, aslightly undulating plain, comparatively well cultivated and drained by the Wainganga, Bagh, Deo, Ghisri and Son rivers. A long narrow valley known as the Mau Taluka , lying between the hills and the wainganga river and comprising a long , narrow ,irregular –shaped lowland track , intersected by hill range and cover with dense jungle and running from north to south . The District is situated at hills of the Raigarh bichhia track , there is irregular ranges of hills , The highest points of hills Lanji 2500 feet, Tepagarh hills about 2600ft.and Bhainsaghat range about 3000 ft above the sea.
The District is very rich in forest wealth. About 52% of the area is covered with forest. Teak, Sal, Bamboo and Saja are the main trees. Almost 25 years ago the district was nicknamed as "Hunters Paradise". District is still proud of its varied fauna consisting of Tigers, Leopard, Bear, Neel-Gai, Deer & Bison on one side and birds like Peacock, Red Bulbul and Koyal etc.
How to reach Balaghat (Transport System in Balaghat)
The Jabalpur-Balaghat section of South East Central Railway runs north and south through the district, along the valley of the Wainganga. The line was formerly narrow gauge (2 ft 6 in (762 mm)) for its entire length, but the section between Balaghat and Gondia was converted to broad gauge in 2005-2006, connecting Balaghat to India's national broad gauge network for the first time. Work is underway to convert the Balaghat-Jabalpur section to broad gauge as well. A Broad gauge line runs to west from Balaghat to Katangi there is a line to Bharveli for magnese transport Balaghat is directly connected by bus with larger cities such as Bhopal, Nagpur, Gondia, Jabalpur, Raipur, etc.
Balaghat is in Central Cultural Zone. This zone comprises of Mandla, Dindori, Balaghat, Seoni, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Narsimhapur, Sagar, Damoh, Umaria, Sehore and Bhopal. The main tribes residing in this zone are Gond, Pardhan, Korku, Baiga, Bharia, Nagarachi and Ojha.
The following places of interest are located in Balaghat, or in the district:
Kanha National Park
Part of Kanha National Park. The gate of Kanha National Park known as "Mukki" is located at a distance of some 13 km from the town Baihar, that itself is at a distance of just 100 km from the district headquarters.
Bajrang Ghat is a dream come true for nature lover swimmers who don't like the shallowness and restrictions of the City swimming pools. One can approach this beautiful ghat through various routes including one that passes through the Forest Rangers' College Balghat. "Bajrang Ghat" has small temples and "Akharas" and has a quite safe ghat with very gradually increasing depth, thus making it an ideal "Natural Swimming Pool". This ghat witnesses a large crowd in the summer season. The other side of the ghat called as "Jalaj" is the tip of a big submerged rock, and serves as a resting place for the accomplished swimmers who can cross the river to reach it. There is also a local swimmers club located here which is known as the jila tairaki sangh balagaht(BALAGHAT SWIMMING ASSOCIATION)
Kaliputli is one of the prime squares in Balaghat city near Bus Station and derives its name from a beautiful black stone statue of a woman in sitting posture, with an Earthen Pot "Matka" on her head, stationed on the square. Generally ignored by the moving traffic, a minute observation will witness the beautiful artwork in this statue.
Rampaili Temple (Balaji temple)
Rampaili Temple is situated in Rampaili (Rampayali) village at 28 km far from Balaghat on Waraseoni-Tumsar road. The mythology about this temple is that when Shri Rama was going to Lanka he made a shivalinga which was made up of sand and it is present still now. The temple is built on the bank of river Chenayi. Beside this temple there is a Hanuman Mandir. An old saying about this is that "one foot of the statue is underground". After 50 ft excavation had been done, but no one could find its end. Actually they found that statue and tried to shift it inside the temple but as they did not get the end of statue they built a small temple there.
Gomji-Somji /JwalaDevi Temple
Gomji-Somji Temple with a sister temple known as Jwaladevi temple, located on the peak of Bharveli region's mountains and around 10 km far from Balaghat is one of the places of religious importance in the region. Jwaladevi attracts thousands of pilgrims from MP and Maharastra every year, specially during Navratri Festival.
Malajkhand copper mines uttam
This is an open pit copper mine at a distance of some 90 km from the district headquarters past Balaghat Baihar road. This is a very good place especially for roamers because of lots of hillstations around it. Here you will find peoples from different parts of India and an amalgamation of different cultures.
Bharveli Manganese mines
This is an underground Manganese Excavation Mine located at approx. 6 km from the district headquarters. It is the deepest underground Manganese mines in Asia, and with a wide span in area. There are many hills and some temples around it, which makes it one of the 'must visit' place in Balaghat. This mine is owned by MOIL Limited with its own Beneficiation plant.
Gangulpara Dam is at 13 km from Balaghat on Baihar road. The road to Baihar is a sceanic beauty in itself passing through the curvaceous Satpura Range with lush greenary all around. "Gangulpara Dam" on this route can be witnessed in its full glory in the rainy season with green hills all around reflecting in its silent waters. As one travels down to the dam from the main road and ventures along the wide stop wall of the dam, rainy season fountains and small waterfalls add to the beauty of this part. Waterfall includes satnari. A few people now about it, one has to walk deep in forest crossing. Gangulpar village to reach there. Its an awesome experience to be there.
Old Ram Mandir
The Lord Rama's old Temple in the center point of Balaghat City. The distance of old ram mandir to kaliputli is around 1.2 km. The new Lord Rama's Temple location in Hanuman Chowk and the distance around 2.5 km. of them. The vegetable market (Gujari) is very close to lord Rama's old temple.
Lanji tehsil is situated in the South eastern direction of Balaghat, and is a beautiful place and having historical importance too. There is an very old fort which is also known as Lanji Fort which was built by the Gond(gondi) kings who were related to the Durg kingdom. Lanji Town also has an special attraction, there are 52 ponds in the city. There is an old temple in the fort which has many idols in it, most of which are of Lord Ganesha. Lanji also has a temple dedicated to Goddess Lanjkai considered as Goddess of the town. It also has an old Shiva temple known as Koteshwar Temple which is considered divine by the people in Balaghat.
Located about 58 km from Balaghat, Nahlesara Dam is an old dam that serves the irrigation purpose of the nearby villages. It was built during 1960-1965. Constructed on the Chandan River, the dam is about 2 km long. The surrounding places of the Nahlesara Dam are ideal for holidaying. Amma Mai Temple, situated at a distance of 1 km behind the dam, is another point of attraction.
Located adjoining village of Balaghat City. Now it is the part of Balaghat hence the residences and industrial development is going on in the name of Balaghat. Although it is Gram Panchayat but it is necessary to include in Municipal Corporation Balaghat.Kishore Kuti is the famous residence of Verma Family known their grandfather's name Sheonath Lala Pondiwale. Gondia Road is developing in various residence colony as well as industries
Hatta Ki Baodi
This Baodi has been built in the 17th and 18th centuries by cutting and dressing of huge rocks and by constructing decorated pillars. It has ten pillars on the ground floor, beneath which the verandahs resting on light decorative rooms are there. Two sculptures of four armed Siva and Ambika holding Sriphal, belonging to 16th century are carved on the entrance door of the Baodi. After the Haiheya rulers of the place, Hatta passed in the hands of the Gonds and through Gonds it passed in the hands of Marathas and Bhonsles. As, a result the decorations of the pillars are representatives of all these styles. This Baodi was built as a source of water as well as used resting and hiding place for the soldiers. During the reign of Bhonsles the Samantas used to hide their armies here......Director :Archaeology Archives and Museums Madhya Pradesh Bhopal(Info updated by Kishor Uprade).
Other Places -
Hanuman Temple near JSTPG college
Moti Talav (Pond)
Hatta Ki Baodi
Judwa Mandir (Baihar)
Old Jama Masjid
Hatta ka gadtha mandir.
Hanuman Chowk (Durga Mandir, Hanuman Mandir)
Malajkhand Copper mines
Bharveli Manganese mines