Bhind, Madhya Pradesh

Geography of Bhind, Madhya Pradesh

Bhind is the Northernmost District of Madhya Pradesh,north east of Gwalior, situated at 26°34'50" latitude and 78°48'05" longitude. The district lies in the valleys of Chambal and the Sind, between the Kunwari and the Pahuj rivers. The district spans from 25°54'5'' North to 26°47'50'' North and from 78°12'45'' East to 79°8'30'' 79°8'30'' East.

The shape of the district is semi circular, bulging towards the north east.The greatest length of Bhind district measures about 105 km south east to north west

The District is bounded by Agra and Etawa districts of Uttar Pradesh in the north and Gwalior and Datia districts in the south. The eastern boundary is closed by the districts of Etawah Auraiya and Jalaun of Uttar Pradesh in the east, where as the western and north western boundaries are common with Morena district. The north western boundary is marked by the Asan and the Kunwari rivers, the northern and eastern boundaries being traversed by the Chambal and the Pahuj.

Geography -

The entire District lies in the Chambal valley. It forms the south western part of Ganga Valley. The Hills are only a few, small and isolated, mostly in the south west.

It is only in the Bhind Tehsil that the rivers flow towards east. The topology of Bhind is the topography of the valley plains. The plains at present are closely cultivated fields devoid of trees, stubbed with shrubby growth only along the moist hollows, and thickly populated.The only divisions of topography are offered by the network of rivers with deep channels and steep bank.

The widest plane of the district lies in the western part around Gohad, Mehgaon and Mau. The ravine lands extend along both sides of the rivers and their tributaries. These ravins were the ideal shelters and bypass routes of dacoits. The ravine areas are mostly unsuitable for cultivation and settlements.

The district is crossed by a number of rivers and streams. The Chambal and the Sind are the main rivers of the district. The Chambal forms the northern boundary. As the 2 rivers are the tributaries of the Yamuna, they form parts of the Ganga drainage system. Aaprt from these, the other important rivers of the district are the Kunwari, the Pahuj, the Asan and the Vaisali.

Bhind

Climate -

The Climate of Bhind is characterized by general dryness, except during the south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into 4 seasons. The winter season is from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to about middle of June . The period from Middle of June to about the end of September is the south-west monsoon season. October and November constitute the post-monsoon or retreating monsoon season

RainFall -

The average annual rainfall of Bhind is 668.3 mm.The spatial variation of the district is not too much. About 92% of the annual rainfall is received in the south-west monsoon months. On an average there are 33 rainy days in a year. The heaviest rainfall in the 24 hours recorded at any station in the district was 295.9mm at Bhind on 6th September, 1910.

Temperature -

There is no meteorological observatory in Bhind. After February the temperature increases steadily till May , when the mean daily temperature is about 46 degree C and the mean daily minimum is about 28 degree C. In the June the mean daily temperature is higher than in may by a couple of degrees. The heat in summer is intense and the dust laden scorching winds which blow often add much to the discomfort. With onset of monsoon in district by about middle of June, there is an appreciable drop in the temperature. After October day and night temperature decrease rapidly. January is greatly the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 23 degreeC, and the mean daily minimum at about 5 degree C. In 2003 it dropped to about 2-3 degree C. In the cold season in the rear of passing western disturbances, cold waves affect the District and the minimum temperature may drop down to about a degree below the freezing point of water.

Bhind is well connected by Train as well as by Bus route.Road transport is the main mode of transportation in Bhind.Main link Road of Bhind is Etawah Gwalior State Highways which connects with MP and UP states.

The railway line connects Bhind with Gwalior.This line was constructed by the erstwhile Gwalior State and opened on 3rd December 1899.The Gwalior light Railway (later known as Scindhia State railway) was worked by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway Company upto 30th June 1913, after which was taken by the Gwalior Durbar. The line was integrated into Central Railway on 5th November 1951.

Culture of Bhind, Madhya Pradesh

Religion -

With about 94% of the population practicing Hindu religion, the District is predominantly Hindu , followed by a little more than 3% Muslim and about 2% Jain population, a few number of Christians ,Buddhists and Sikhs also live in Bhind.

 

Cuisine of Bhind, Madhya Pradesh

Places of interest in Bhind, Madhya Pradesh (Please click on the name to view the detail information)

Fort of Ater -
It was built by Bhadauria King Badan Singh, Maha Singh and Bakhat Singh in the era 1664-1668 after them the area is known as "BADHWAR". It is located deep inside the ravines of Chambal. Now it is in a dilapidated condition.It is located 35 Kms in west of the Bhind city. Transportation is available from 6 Am to 4 Pm. One can go by bus or jeep which are easily available from the Bus stand/ Ater Road.The main attractions of the fort are 'Khooni Darwaza', 'Badan Singh Ka Mahal', 'Hathiapor', 'Raja Ka Bangla', 'Rani Ka Bangla' and 'Barah Khamba Mahal'.

Another fort situated in the Bhind city was also built by Bhadoriya King to keep control over rebellions in the era 1654-1684. During Scindia reign Darbar hall was constructed in which at present a museum is conducted by District Archeological Association Bhind (M.P).

Vankhandeshwar Temple -
It is located in Bhind town. It is a Shiv Mandir built by the Mandir built by the king, Prathwiraj Chauhan in 1175 AD. It is told that "Jyoti" is continously flamed since then.

Jain Temples Of Baranso -
These are the old temples and their existence is located to the visit of Lord Mahavir Swami in the area.Located on Bhind Gwalior Road , 5 Kms in south east of Bhind. The only available means of transport are tanga or personal vehicle.

Mata Renuka Temple At Jamdara -
It is located in Gohad Tehsil near Mau and is told as the birthplace of Maharshi Parashuram. Folklore linked to Parashuram is that his father ordered to cut the head of Mother Renuka which he complied with and as a prize asked for revival of the dead Mother which Maharshi Jamdagini, his father solicited.The temple was built at the place of this activity.In the temple the idol of Deity Mother Renuka with a separated head is there in the temple.

Naraddev Temple -
It is a Shiv Temple located on the banks of river, Sindh. It is old and Maharshi Narad worshipped here. It is being renovated.

The Fort Of Gohad -
It was built by Jat Kings Maha Singh in 16th century .The fort is dilapidated but a Mahal is still housing several Government offices. The fine carvings of Mahal is still worth viewing.The 'Kachhari Mahal' is a unique example of the Iranian Art. One can reach there by bus.Apart from these places, the world famous ravines are the places worth visiting. These are providing hide out in the district to law disobeying persons. Five rivers which flow around the district mainly Pahuj, Sindh, Kunwari, Chambal and Yamuna meet together in an area of 2 kms named as "PACHNADA" The places just neighboring to the district are actually located in U.P. but this is a rare phenomenon where five rivers confluence at one juncture.

Events in Bhind, Madhya Pradesh

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