Damoh, Madhya Pradesh
Damoh, Madhya Pradesh has long history dating back to ancient times excavated. Stone Age tools found in Singrampur Valley are testimony to the fact that this place was the cradle of human civilization and habitat since millions of years. In more recent times, around 5th century, it was part of mighty grand empire of Guptas of Pataliputra, It was established by the plaques and coins along with various monuments found in the region belonging to the reign of Samudragupta, Chandragupta, and Skandgupta. From 8th century to 12th century some parts of the Damoh district were parts of Chedi Empire ruled by Kalchuri dynasty from capital Tripuri.
The magnificent temple at Nohta is a Living example of the glory of Kalchuries in 10th century. Historical evidences also prove that some regions of the district were under the Chandels of the Jejak -Bhukti. 14th century heralded the era of Muslim rule in the region and stone carving at Salaiya and Batiyagarh mention Khilzi and Tuglaq as Sultans. Later on, the Sultan of Malwa annexed the region in to his fold. In the last quarter of the 15th century, Sangram Shah of Gond dynasty annexed the region into its dynamic and mighty empire consisting of 52 forts. It was the era of peace and prosperity for the region. In Singrampur, Rani Durgawati attained martyrdom battling against the might of Mughal Empire represented by its General Asaf Khan along with his army. Her zeal to retain integrity and sovereignty of a kingdom is unparallel in world history. Bundelas entered in to the region for a brief span after which Marathas took over the reigns in 1732 and remains The ruler uptill Britishers annexed Marathas kingdom after the death of Peshwa in 1888.
Location & Geographical Area-
Forest- Forest area 4135 sq. km.
Narsingarh is a small village between the banks of two rivers - Kopra and Sonar. It is about 20 kms. away from Damoh on the Damoh-Chhatarpur State Highway No.37. It takes its name from its ancient ruler, Narsingh. In the history of Madhya Bharat, Narsingarh assumes great importance because it was the gate way from North to the Central India. Mughals invaded it and after a fierce battle captured it and changed its name from Narsingarh to Nasrathgarh. Marathas invaded it and captured it from the Mughals and restored its original name. Britishers subjugated it from the Marathas. It had an ancient Fort, the remnants of which are still standing as mute witnesses to the history of Narsingarh. The present population of the village is around 7000 and the main occupation of the local population is agriculture. Its climate is tropical and it receives moderate rains. Because of the Limestone deposits in and around it, Mysore Cements Ltd., a Company owned and controlled by the "House of Birlas", constructed a large cement plant - Diamond Cements - at Narsingarh with a capacity of One million tons per annum. The unit started production in the year 1983.
Diamond Cements at Narsingarh has been a boon to the people of the area. It provides direct employment to about 1200 people and indirect employment to a large number of local people. In line with the basic philosophy of the Management to take good care of its employees, it has built an excellent township with all modern amenities like good residential complex, Co-Operative Store, Dairy, CBSE affiliated English medium school, Hospital, Cable TV connections, Recreation Club etc.. An aerial view of the place shows the factory and adjacent areas as an oasis as a result of the extensive tree plantation done by it in an otherwise barren stretch of bushy and rocky landscape.
The Administrative Building
The Building is unique in its design and architecture not only in Damoh District, but also in the entire Sagar Commissionerate. It symbolises the composite culture of the Country. The spacious and splendid rooms have incorporated in themselves, the modern office concepts, advanced information technology and easy access.
Narsingarh could boast of no other shop or establishment than one small way-side tea stall housed in a thatched hut selling tea and "pan". It served only one glass of drinking water to its valued customers who ordered for a cup of tea and not to any other. Drinking water was so scarce in Narsingarh before Diamond Cements came into existence. Wholesome drinking water is made available to the local population for the first time by it. It has provided water taps to almost all families in Narsingarh Village. In addition to providing water taps in houses, public taps at various places have also been provided.
JATASHANKAR - It's a temple situated on the periphery of Damoh city . It houses the icons of Lord Shiva , the destroyer In Hindu mythology . It's a place of pilgrimage as well as scenic beauty for visitors . Peace seekers as well as girls urging for good matrimonial matches throng here to please Lord Shiva , So as to grand there wishes . This structure has got invaluable Archeological importance .
Nohleshwar Temple (Nohta) - This Shiv Temple is about 1 K.M. away from Nohta village. Shiv is also known as 'Mahadev' and 'Nohleshwar'. It was built around 950-1000 A.D. According to some people the credit of building this temple goes to the queen of Kalchury King Avni Varma of Chalukya Vansha. The Shiv temple of Nohta is the most important representation or the design of the architecture of Kalchury style of temple buildings of the 10th Century. It is built on a high platform. It's parts are - 'Panch rath', 'Garbhgrih', 'Amtral', 'Mandap' and 'Mukh Mandap'.
Giri Darshan - Situated on the High way from Damoh to Jabalpur 5 kms. from Jabera and 7 km. from Sigrampur toward Damoh on a green hill in the jungle a beautiful double storeyed rest house cum watch tower was built by the Forest Dept. It is a beautiful piece of Architecture. From the main road a narrow path along of the bank of a tank reaches this rest house. The reservation to stay in the rest house can be made at DFO office at Damoh. The beautiful sight of the roads of the small hills and the fascinating view of the sunrise and the sunset thrills the visitors. This view can be seen from the terrace of the rest house. The wild animals also can be seen at night.
The Fort of Singaurgarh - About 6 km. away from Sigrampur the ruins of a fort of an historical importance can be found. There was civilization here in older times. King Vane Basore had built a big and strong fort and the Gawe kings ruled over here for a long time. At the end of the 15th century Gaund king Dalpati Shah with her queen Durgawati lived here. After his death queen Durgawati fought with Asaf Ali the chief of the army of Mughal king Akbar. There is also a lake here, which is full of lotus flowers. This is an ideal picnic spot.
Nidan Kund - Almost 1/2 km. from the Bhainsaghat Rest House towards the Bhainsa village, a road goes to this waterfall. 1 km. from the main road a stream between the high black rocks flows down from more than 100 ft's hight. This is called Nidan Kund. During the months of July and August there is much water in the stream so the sight of this fall from the front is breath taking. It becomes a perfect picnic spot in September and October as water in the stream is reduced. There are steps like formation on the black rocks against the flow of the stream so it makes a beautiful sight when the water flows down over these rocks.
Nazara - 3 km. from Bhainsa village towards Kalumar on W.B.M. road there is road leading to the spot called "Nazara". This place has been developed as a platform on the top of the mountain giving a breath taking overview of the Rani Durgawati Abhyaran. The beautiful sight of the thick forest can be enjoyed from here. The caves of the wild animals on the hills can also be seen. Wild animals are also spotted roaming around in the forest.
Sad-Bhawna Shikhar - It is the highest point of the Vidhyachal mountain ranges. On Bhainsa - Kalumar road there cuts a forest road which is almost 6 kms. Long. A Breathtaking view of the area around it can be seen from here. This peak is 2467 ft. high from the sea level. The twinkling light of Jabalpur city can be seen from here at clear nights. It is not very easy to climb this peak so it is convenient to use a jeep or any other 4 wheeler.